釩 (V)

一般特性

标志 V
原子序数 23
原子量 50.9415
5 (钒族)
VA (IUPAC), VB (CAS)
Solid, Conductor, Transition Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
时期 4
d

物理性质

密度 6.11 g/cm3
原子体积 8.35 cm3/mole
原子半径 1.34 angstroms
共价半径 125 pm
Crust Abundance 0.019%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Body centered
Color Silver

能量

电负性 1.6 (鲍林标度)
电子亲和势 50.6 kJ/mol
第一电离能 651 kJ/mol
第2 Ionization Energy 1414 kJ/mol
第3 Ionization Energy 2830 kJ/mol
第4 Ionization Energy 4507 kJ/mol
第5 Ionization Energy 6298.7 kJ/mol
第6 Ionization Energy 12363 kJ/mol
第7 Ionization Energy 14530 kJ/mol
第8 Ionization Energy 16730 kJ/mol
第9 Ionization Energy 19860 kJ/mol
第10 Ionization Energy 22240 kJ/mol
第11 Ionization Energy 24670 kJ/mol
第12 Ionization Energy 29730 kJ/mol
第13 Ionization Energy 32446 kJ/mol
第14 Ionization Energy 86450 kJ/mol
第15 Ionization Energy 94170 kJ/mol
第16 Ionization Energy 102300 kJ/mol
第17 Ionization Energy 112700 kJ/mol
第18 Ionization Energy 121600 kJ/mol
第19 Ionization Energy 130700 kJ/mol
第20 Ionization Energy 143400 kJ/mol
第21 Ionization Energy 151440 kJ/mol
第22 Ionization Energy 661050 kJ/mol
第23 Ionization Energy 699144 kJ/mol
比热容 0.489 J g−1 K−1
导热系数 30.7 W·m−1·K−1

电子与氧化

氧化态 +5,2,3,4
每客电子 2 8 11 2
电子构型 [Ar] 3d3 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d3 4s2
轨道图
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿ 
↿ 
↿ 
 
 
4s
↿⇂
4p
 
 
 
4d
 
 
 
 
 
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

放射性

媒体

釩 (V)的波尔原子模型
Description
Soft, ductile, silvery-white metal. Resistant to corrosion by moisture, air and most acids and alkalis at room temperature.
Uses
It is mixed with other metals to make very strong and durable alloys. Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is used as a catalyst, dye and color-fixer.
Sources
Found in the minerals patronite (VS4), vanadinite [Pb5(VO4)3Cl], and carnotite [K2(UO2)2(VO4)2.3H2O]. Pure metal produced by heating with C and Cl to produce VCl3 which is heated with Mg in Ar atmosphere.
Pronounciation (English)
veh-NAY-di-em

翻译

Afrikaans Vanadium
Aragonese Banadio
العربية فناديوم
Armãneashte Vanadiumu
asturianu Vanadiu
azərbaycan dili Vanadium
български Ванадий
বাংলা ভ্যানাডিয়াম
brezhoneg Vanadiom
bosanski Vanadij[um]
Byelorussian Ванадый
Cebuano Vanadyo
čeština Vanad
Chuvash Ванади
Cymraeg Vanadi
dansk Vanadium
Deutsch Vanadium
Ελληνικά Βαναdιο
English Vanadium
esperanto Vanadio
español Vanadio
eesti Vanaadium
euskara Banadioa
فارسی وانادیم
suomi Vanadiini
føroyskt Vanadium
français Vanadium
furlan Vanadi
West-Frysk Vanadium
Gaeilge Vanaidiam
Gàidhlig Vanaidiam
galego Vanadio
ગુજરાતી વૅનેડિયમનો
Gaelg Vanaadjum
Hakka Chinese Fàm (釩)
עברית ונדיום
हिन्दी वनेडियम
hrvatski Vanadij
magyar Vanádium
հայերեն Վանադիում
Indonesia Vanadium
íslenska Vanadín
italiano Vanadio
日本語 バナジウム
ქართული ვანდიუმი
کٲشُر Wônôd
қазақ тілі Ванадий
한국어 바나듐
Kurdish Vanadyûm
Komi Ванадий
kernewek Vanadyum
кыргызча Ванадий
Latin Vanadium
Lëtzebuergesch Vanadium
Lombard Vanàdi
lingála Vanadu
lietuvių Vanadis
latviešu Vanādijs
Mari Ванадий
Maori Vanadium
македонски Ванадиум
മലയാളം വനേഡിയം
монгол Ванади
Мокшан Ванади
Bahasa Melayu Vanadium
Malti Vanadju[m]
Nahuatl Vanadio
Nederlands Vanadium
norsk Vanadium
Occitan Vanadi
ирон Ванадий
polski Wanad
português Vanádio
Runasimi Wanadyu
română Vanadiu
русский Ванадий
slovenčina Vanád
slovenščina Vanadij
Samoan Vanadimi
Samogitian Vanadis
shqip Vanad, ²Vanadiumi
српски Ванадијум
Southern Sotho Vanadiamo
svenska Vanadin
Kiswahili Vanadi
தமிழ் வனேடியம்
Tajik Ванадий
ไทย วาเนเดียม
Türkçe Vanadyum
ئۇيغۇرچە ۋانادىي
українська Ванадій
o‘zbek Vanadiy
Tiếng Việt Vanađi
Võro Vanaadium
中文

历史

发现地为
1801
发现人为
Andres Manuel del Rio and Nils Sefström
发现地为
Mexico and Sweden
词的起源
Named after "Vanadis", the goddess of beauty in Scandinavian mythology