鈀 (Pd)

一般特性

标志 Pd
原子序数 46
原子量 106.42
10 (镍族)
VIIIA (IUPAC), VIII (CAS)
Solid, Paramagnetic, Conductor, Transition Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
时期 5
d

物理性质

密度 12.0 g/cm3
原子体积 8.9 cm3/mole
原子半径 1.37 angstroms
共价半径 131 pm
Crust Abundance 6.3E-7%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Face centered
Color Silver

能量

电负性 2.2 (鲍林标度)
电子亲和势 53.7 kJ/mol
第一电离能 804 kJ/mol
第2 Ionization Energy 1870 kJ/mol
第3 Ionization Energy 3177 kJ/mol
比热容 0.244 J g−1 K−1
导热系数 71.8 W·m−1·K−1

电子与氧化

氧化态 +2,4
每客电子 2 8 18 18 0
电子构型 [Kr] 4d10
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10
轨道图
1s
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2s
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2p
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3s
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3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

放射性

媒体

鈀 (Pd)的波尔原子模型
Description
Soft, malleable, ductile, silvery-white metal.
Uses
Used as a substitue for silver in dental items and jewelry. The pure metal is used as the delicate mainsprings in analog wristwatches. Also used in surgical instruments and as catalyst .
Sources
Obtained with platinum, nickel, copper and mercury ores.
Pronounciation (English)
peh-LAY-di-em

翻译

Afrikaans Palladium
Aragonese Paladio
العربية بلاديوم
Armãneashte Paladiumu
asturianu Paladiu
azərbaycan dili Palladium
български Палладий
বাংলা প্যালাডিয়াম
brezhoneg Palladiom
bosanski Paladij[um]
Byelorussian Паладый
Cebuano Paladyo
čeština Palladium
Chuvash Паллади
Cymraeg Palladi
dansk Palladium
Deutsch Palladium
Ελληνικά Παλλαδιο
English Palladium
esperanto Paladio
español Paladio
eesti Pallaadium
euskara Paladioa
فارسی پالادیم
suomi Palladium
føroyskt Palladium
français Palladium
furlan Paladi
West-Frysk Palladium
Gaeilge Pallaidiam
Gàidhlig Pallaidiam
galego Paladio
ગુજરાતી પલેડિયમનો
Gaelg Pallaadjum
Hakka Chinese Pâ (鈀)
עברית פלדיום
हिन्दी पलाडियम
hrvatski Paladij
magyar Palládium
հայերեն Պալադիում
Indonesia Paladium
íslenska Palladín
italiano Palladio
日本語 パラジウム
ქართული პალადიუმი
کٲشُر Pallôd
қазақ тілі Палладий
한국어 팔라듐
Kurdish Paladyûm
Komi Палладий
kernewek Paladyum
кыргызча Палладий
Latin Palladium
Lëtzebuergesch Palladium
Lombard Palàdi
lingála Paladu
lietuvių Paladis
latviešu Pallādijs
Mari Палладий
Maori Palladium
македонски Паладиум
മലയാളം പലേഡിയം
монгол Паллади
Мокшан Палади
Bahasa Melayu Paladium
Malti Palladju[m]
Nahuatl Paladio
Nederlands Palladium
norsk Palladium
Occitan Palladi
ирон Палладий
polski Pallad
português Paládio
Runasimi Paladyu
română Paladiu
русский Палладий
slovenčina Paládium
slovenščina Paladij
Samoan Paladimi
Samogitian Paladis
shqip Palad, ²Palladiumi
српски Паладијум
Southern Sotho Palladiamo
svenska Palladium
Kiswahili Paladi
தமிழ் பல்லேடியம்
Tajik Палладий
ไทย แพลเลเดียม
Türkçe Palladyum
ئۇيغۇرچە پاللادىي
українська Паладій
o‘zbek Paladiy
Tiếng Việt Palađi
Võro Pallaadium
中文

历史

发现地为
1803
发现人为
William Hyde Wollaston
发现地为
England
词的起源
Named after the asteroid "Pallas" which was discovered at about the same time and from the Greek name "Pallas", goddess of wisdom