鋰 (Li)

一般特性

标志 Li
原子序数 3
原子量 6.941
1 (碱金属或锂/氢族)
IA (IUPAC), IA (CAS)
Solid, Paramagnetic, Conductor, Alkali Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
时期 2
s

物理性质

密度 0.543 g/cm3
原子体积 13.1 cm3/mole
原子半径 1.55 angstroms
共价半径 134 pm
Crust Abundance 0.0017%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Body centered
Color Silver

能量

电负性 1.0 (鲍林标度)
电子亲和势 59.6 kJ/mol
第一电离能 520 kJ/mol
第2 Ionization Energy 7298.1 kJ/mol
第3 Ionization Energy 11815.0 kJ/mol
比热容 3.582 J g−1 K−1
导热系数 84.7 W·m−1·K−1

电子与氧化

氧化态 1
每客电子 2 1
电子构型 [He] 2s1
1s2 2s1
轨道图
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿ 
2p
 
 
 

Nuclear

放射性

媒体

鋰 (Li)的波尔原子模型
鋰 (Li)刘易斯点图
Description
Soft silvery-white metal. Lightest of metals. Accounts for only 0.0007% of the earth's crust.
Uses
Used in batteries. Also for certain kinds of glass and ceramics. Some is used in lubricants.
Sources
Obtained by passing electric charge through melted lithium chloride and from the silicate mineral called spodumene [LiAl(Si2O6)].
Pronounciation (English)
LITH-i-em

翻译

Afrikaans Litium
Aragonese Litio
العربية ليثيوم
Armãneashte Litiumu
asturianu Litiu
azərbaycan dili Litium
български Литий
বাংলা লিথিয়াম
brezhoneg Litiom
bosanski Litij[um]
Byelorussian Літый
Cebuano Litio
čeština Lithium
Chuvash Лити
Cymraeg Liti
dansk Lithium
Deutsch Lithium
Ελληνικά Λιθιο
English Lithium
esperanto Litio
español Lítio
eesti Liitium
euskara Litioa
فارسی لیتیم
suomi Litium
føroyskt Lithium
français Lithium
furlan Liti
West-Frysk Lithium
Gaeilge Litiam
Gàidhlig Litiam
galego Litio
ગુજરાતી લિથિયમનો
Gaelg Litçhey
Hakka Chinese Lî (鋰)
עברית ליתיום
हिन्दी लिथियम
hrvatski Litij
magyar Lítium
հայերեն Լիթիում
Indonesia Litium
íslenska Litín, ²Liþín
italiano Litio
日本語 リチウム
ქართული ლიტიუმი
کٲشُر Lët
қазақ тілі Литий
한국어 리튬
Kurdish Lîtyûm
Komi Литий
kernewek Lythyum
кыргызча Литий
Latin Lithium
Lëtzebuergesch Lithium
Lombard Líti
lingála Litu
lietuvių Litis
latviešu Litijs
Mari Литий
Maori Lithium
македонски Литиум
മലയാളം ലിഥിയം
монгол Лити
Мокшан Лити
Bahasa Melayu Litium
Malti Litju[m]
Nahuatl Litio
Nederlands Lithium
norsk Litium
Occitan Liti
ирон Литий
polski Lit
português Lítio
Runasimi Lityu
română Litiu
русский Литий
slovenčina Litium
slovenščina Litij
Samoan Litimi
Samogitian Lėtis
shqip Litium
српски Литијум
Southern Sotho Litiamo
svenska Litium
Kiswahili Lithi
தமிழ் லித்தியம்
Tajik Литий
ไทย ลิเทียม
Türkçe Lityum
ئۇيغۇرچە لىتىي
українська Літій
o‘zbek Litiy
Tiếng Việt Lithi, Liti
Võro Liitium
中文

历史

发现地为
1817
发现人为
Johan August Arfvedson
发现地为
Stockholm, Sweden
词的起源
From the Greek word "lithos" meaning "stone"