砷 (As)

一般特性

标志 As
原子序数 33
原子量 74.9216
15 (氮族)
VB (IUPAC), VA (CAS)
Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Metal, Stable, Natural, Metalloid
时期 4
p

物理性质

密度 5.73 g/cm3
原子体积 13.1 cm3/mole
原子半径 1.39 angstroms
共价半径 119 pm
Crust Abundance 0.00021%
Crystal Structure Rhombohedral
Color Silver

能量

电负性 2.2 (鲍林标度)
电子亲和势 78 kJ/mol
第一电离能 947 kJ/mol
第2 Ionization Energy 1798 kJ/mol
第3 Ionization Energy 2735 kJ/mol
第4 Ionization Energy 4837 kJ/mol
第5 Ionization Energy 6043 kJ/mol
第6 Ionization Energy 12310 kJ/mol
比热容 0.33 J g−1 K−1
导热系数 50.0 W·m−1·K−1

电子与氧化

氧化态 ±3,+5
每客电子 2 8 18 5
电子构型 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p3
轨道图
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿ 
↿ 
↿ 
4d
 
 
 
 
 
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

放射性

媒体

砷 (As)的波尔原子模型
砷 (As)刘易斯点图
Description
Steel-gray, brittle semi-metal.
Uses
Many of its compounds are deadly poison and used as weed killer and rat poison. Conducts electricity. Used in semiconductors. Some compounds, called arsenides, are used in the manufacture of paints, wallpapers, and ceramics.
Sources
Found in mispickel (arsenopyrite)
Pronounciation (English)
AR-s'n-ik

翻译

Afrikaans Arseen
Aragonese Arsén
العربية زرنيخ
Armãneashte Aresenu
asturianu Arsénicu
azərbaycan dili Arsen
български Арсен
বাংলা আর্সেনিক
brezhoneg Arsenik
bosanski Arsen
Byelorussian Мыш'як
Cebuano Arsenico
čeština Arzen
Chuvash Мышьяк
Cymraeg Arsènic
dansk Arsen
Deutsch Arsen
Ελληνικά Αρσενικο
English Arsenic
esperanto Arseno
español Arsénico
eesti Arseen
euskara Artsenikoa
فارسی آرسنیک
suomi Arseeni
føroyskt Arsenikk
français Arsenic
furlan Arsenic
West-Frysk Arsenikum
Gaeilge Airsnic, Arsnaig, Arsanaic
Gàidhlig Arsanaic
galego Arsénico
ગુજરાતી આર્સેનિકનો
Gaelg Arsnick
Hakka Chinese Sṳ̂n (砷)
עברית ארסן
हिन्दी आर्सेनिक
hrvatski Arsen
magyar Arzén
հայերեն Արսեն
Indonesia Arsen
íslenska Arsen
italiano Arsenico
日本語 ヒ素
ქართული დარიშხბანი
کٲشُر Arsén
қазақ тілі Мышъяк
한국어 비소
Kurdish Arsenik
Komi Еджыд из
kernewek Arsenyk
кыргызча Мышъяк
Latin Arsenicum
Lëtzebuergesch Arsen
Lombard Arsénich
lingála Aseni
lietuvių Arsenas
latviešu Arsēns
Mari Наргӱмыж
Maori Ateniki
македонски Арсен
മലയാളം ആര്‍സെനിക്
монгол Мишьяк
Мокшан Суляма
Bahasa Melayu Arsenik, ²Arsen
Malti Arsenik, ²Arseniku
Nahuatl Arsénico
Nederlands Arseen
norsk Arsen
Occitan Arsenic
ирон Мышъяк
polski Arsen
português Arsénic
Runasimi Arsiniku
română Arsen
русский Мышьяк
slovenčina Arzén
slovenščina Arzen
Samoan Arsenikumi
Samogitian Arsens
shqip Arseni[k]
српски Арсен
Southern Sotho Arseniki
svenska Arsenik
Kiswahili Aseniki
தமிழ் ஆர்செனிக்
Tajik Арсен
ไทย สารหนู
Türkçe Arsenik
ئۇيغۇرچە ئارسېن
українська Міш'як
o‘zbek Margimush
Tiếng Việt Asen
Võro Arseen
中文

历史

发现地为
发现人为
发现地为
词的起源
From the Greek word "arsenikon" meaning "yellow orpiment"