銀 (Ag)

一般特性

标志 Ag
原子序数 47
原子量 107.8682
11 (铜族)
IB (IUPAC), IB (CAS)
Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Transition Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
时期 5
d

物理性质

密度 10.5 g/cm3
原子体积 10.3 cm3/mole
原子半径 1.44 angstroms
共价半径 153 pm
Crust Abundance 7.9E-6%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Face centered
Color Silver

能量

电负性 1.9 (鲍林标度)
电子亲和势 125.6 kJ/mol
第一电离能 731 kJ/mol
第2 Ionization Energy 2070 kJ/mol
第3 Ionization Energy 3361 kJ/mol
比热容 0.232 J g−1 K−1
导热系数 429.0 W·m−1·K−1

电子与氧化

氧化态 1
每客电子 2 8 18 18 1
电子构型 [Kr] 4d10 5s1
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s1
轨道图
1s
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2s
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2p
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3s
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3p
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3d
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4s
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4p
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4d
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4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5s
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5p
 
 
 
5d
 
 
 
 
 
5f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

放射性

媒体

銀 (Ag)的波尔原子模型
Description
Silvery-ductile, and malleable metal
Uses
Used in alloys for jewelry and in other compounds for photography. It is also a good conductor, but expensive.
Sources
Found in ores called argentite (AgS), light ruby silver (Ag3AsS3), dark ruby silver(Ag3SbS3) and brittle silver.
Pronounciation (English)
SIL-ver

翻译

Afrikaans Silwer
Aragonese Archén
العربية فضة
Armãneashte Asime
asturianu Plata
azərbaycan dili Gümüş
български Сребро
বাংলা রূপা
brezhoneg Arc'hant
bosanski Srebro
Byelorussian Серабро
Cebuano Plata
čeština Stříbro
Chuvash Кĕмĕл
Cymraeg Argent
dansk Sølv
Deutsch Silber
Ελληνικά Αργυρος
English Silver
esperanto Arĝento
español Plata
eesti Hõbe
euskara Zilarra
فارسی نقره
suomi Hopea
føroyskt Silvur
français Argent
furlan Arint
West-Frysk Sulver
Gaeilge Airgead
Gàidhlig Airgead
galego Prata
ગુજરાતી ચાંદી
Gaelg Argid
Hakka Chinese Ngiùn
עברית כסף
हिन्दी चाँदी
hrvatski Srebro
magyar Ezüst
հայերեն Արծաթ
Indonesia Perak
íslenska Silfur
italiano Argento
日本語
ქართული ვერცხლი
کٲشُر Strzébro
қазақ тілі Күміс
한국어
Kurdish Zîv
Komi Эзысь
kernewek Arhans
кыргызча Кумуш
Latin Argentum
Lëtzebuergesch Sëlwer
Lombard Argeent
lingála Sɛ́ngi
lietuvių Sidabras
latviešu Sudrabs
Mari Ший
Maori Kawata
македонски Сребро
മലയാളം വെള്ളി
монгол Мөнгө
Мокшан Сия
Bahasa Melayu Perak
Malti Fidda
Nahuatl Iztāc teōcuitlatl
Nederlands Zilver
norsk Sølv
Occitan Argent
ирон Æвзист
polski Srebro
português Prata
Runasimi Qullqi q'illay
română Argint
русский Серебро
slovenčina Striebro
slovenščina Srebro
Samoan Srivru
Samogitian Sėdabros
shqip Argjent
српски Сребро
Southern Sotho Silivera
svenska Silver
Kiswahili Agenti
தமிழ் வெள்ளி
Tajik Нуқра
ไทย เงิน
Türkçe Gümüş
ئۇيغۇرچە كۈمۈش
українська Срібло
o‘zbek Kumush
Tiếng Việt Bạc
Võro Hõpõ
中文

历史

发现地为
发现人为
发现地为
词的起源
From the Anglo-Saxon word "siolfur" meaning "silver" (the origin of the symbol Ag comes from the Latin word "argentum" meaning "silver")