元素,化学品和化学

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# 标志 名称 原子量 电子构型
1 H 1.00794 1s1
2 He 4.002602 1s2
3 Li 6.941 [He] 2s1
4 Be 9.012182 [He] 2s2
5 B 10.811 [He] 2s2 2p1
6 C 12.0107 [He] 2s2 2p2
7 N 14.0067 [He] 2s2 2p3
8 O 15.9994 [He] 2s2 2p4
9 F 18.9984032 [He] 2s2 2p5
10 Ne 20.1797 [He] 2s2 2p6
11 Na 22.98976928 [Ne] 3s1
12 Mg 24.305 [Ne] 3s2
13 Al 26.9815386 [Ne] 3s2 3p1
14 Si 28.0855 [Ne] 3s2 3p2
15 P 30.973762 [Ne] 3s2 3p3
16 S 32.065 [Ne] 3s2 3p4
17 Cl 35.453 [Ne] 3s2 3p5
18 Ar 39.948 [Ne] 3s2 3p6
19 K 39.0983 [Ar] 4s1
20 Ca 40.078 [Ar] 4s2
21 Sc 44.955912 [Ar] 3d1 4s2
22 Ti 47.867 [Ar] 3d2 4s2
23 V 50.9415 [Ar] 3d3 4s2
24 Cr 51.9961 [Ar] 3d5 4s1
25 Mn 54.938045 [Ar] 4s2 3d5
26 Fe 55.845 [Ar] 4s2 3d6
27 Co 58.933195 [Ar] 3d7 4s2
28 Ni 58.6934 [Ar] 3d8 4s2
29 Cu 63.546 [Ar] 3d10 4s1
30 Zn 65.409 [Ar] 3d10 4s2
31 Ga 69.723 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
32 Ge 72.64 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
33 As 74.9216 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p3
34 Se 78.96 [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p4
35 Br 79.904 [Ar] 4s2 3d10 4p5
36 Kr 83.798 [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p6
37 Rb 85.4678 [Kr] 5s1
38 Sr 87.62 [Kr] 5s2
39 Y 88.90585 [Kr] 4d1 5s2
40 Zr 91.224 [Kr] 4d2 5s2
41 Nb 92.90638 [Kr] 4d4 5s1
42 Mo 95.94 [Kr] 4d5 5s1
43 Tc (98) [Kr] 4d5 5s2
44 Ru 101.07 [Kr] 4d7 5s1
45 Rh 102.9055 [Kr] 4d8 5s1
46 Pd 106.42 [Kr] 4d10
47 Ag 107.8682 [Kr] 4d10 5s1
48 Cd 112.411 [Kr] 4d10 5s2
49 In 114.818 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1
50 Sn 118.71 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
51 Sb 121.76 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
52 Te 127.6 [Kr] 5s2 4d10 5p4
53 I 126.90447 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
54 Xe 131.293 [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
55 Cs 132.9054519 [Xe] 6s1
56 Ba 137.327 [Xe] 6s2
57 La 138.90547 [Xe] 5d1 6s2
58 Ce 140.116 [Xe] 4f1 5d1 6s2
59 Pr 140.90765 [Xe] 4f3 6s2
60 Nd 144.242 [Xe] 4f4 6s2
61 Pm (145) [Xe] 4f5 6s2
62 Sm 150.36 [Xe] 4f6 6s2
63 Eu 151.964 [Xe] 4f7 6s2
64 Gd 157.25 [Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2
65 Tb 158.92535 [Xe] 4f9 6s2
66 Dy 162.5 [Xe] 4f10 6s2
67 Ho 164.93032 [Xe] 4f11 6s2
68 Er 167.259 [Xe] 4f12 6s2
69 Tm 168.93421 [Xe] 4f13 6s2
70 Yb 173.04 [Xe] 4f14 6s2
71 Lu 174.967 [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d1
72 Hf 178.49 [Xe] 4f14 5d2 6s2
73 Ta 180.94788 [Xe] 4f14 5d3 6s2
74 W 183.84 [Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s2
75 Re 186.207 [Xe] 4f14 5d5 6s2
76 Os 190.23 [Xe] 4f14 5d6 6s2
77 Ir 192.217 [Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s2
78 Pt 195.084 [Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
79 Au 196.966569 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
80 Hg 200.59 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
81 Tl 204.3833 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p1
82 Pb 207.2 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
83 Bi 208.9804 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
84 Po (209) [Xe] 6s2 4f14 5d10 6p4
85 At (210) [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p5
86 Rn (222) [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p6
87 Fr (223) [Rn] 7s1
88 Ra (226) [Rn] 7s2
89 Ac (227) [Rn] 6d1 7s2
90 Th 232.0381 [Rn] 6d2 7s2
91 Pa 231.03588 [Rn] 5f2 6d1 7s2
92 U 238.02891 [Rn] 5f3 6d1 7s2
93 Np (237) [Rn] 5f4 6d1 7s2
94 Pu (244) [Rn] 5f6 7s2
95 Am (243) [Rn] 5f7 7s2
96 Cm (247) [Rn] 5f7 6d1 7s2
97 Bk (247) [Rn] 5f9 7s2
98 Cf (251) [Rn] 5f10 7s2
99 Es (252) [Rn] 5f11 7s2
100 Fm (257) [Rn] 5f12 7s2
101 Md (258) [Rn] 5f13 7s2
102 No (259) [Rn] 5f14 7s2
103 Lr (262) [Rn] 5f14 6d1 7s2
104 Rf (265) [Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2
105 Db 金杜 (268) [Rn] 5f14 6d3 7s2
106 Sg 金喜 (263) [Rn] 5f14 6d4 7s2
107 Bh 金波 (272) [Rn] 5f14 6d5 7s2
108 Hs 金黑 (278) [Rn] 5f14 6d6 7s2
109 Mt 金麥 (278) [Rn] 5f14 6d7 7s2
110 Ds (281) [Rn] 5f14 6d9 7s1
111 Rg (280) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s1
112 Cn Copernicium (285) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2
113 Nh Nihonium (284) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p1
114 Fl Flerovium (289) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p2
115 Mc Moscovium (288) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p3
116 Lv Livermorium (293) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p4
117 Ts Tennessine (294) [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p5
118 Og Oganesson (294) [Rn] 7s2 5f14 6d10 7p6
周期表
一天的定义
reactant
a chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemical reaction